India is at the cusp of an exponential growth in the air-conditioner (AC) market. The growing demand for cooling will lead to a significant increase in overall energy demand for space cooling, stress on the electricity grid and more emissions. The criticality of addressing India’s escalating demand for cooling energy cannot be overstated, particularly against the backdrop of its global climate commitments as well as its urban development programmes. To advance sustainable and smart solutions, Shakti convenes a coalition of leading civil society organizations and think tanks working in the area of sustainable habitat and comfort conditioning. The coalition aims to drive India’s transition to a sustainably cooled built environment by supporting advanced research, analysis, policy recommendations and market transformation.